Five things to know about China’s Communist Party Congress

BEIJING: of China Communist Party Sunday will open the 20th Party Congress, the country’s most important political meeting, held every five years.
Here are five questions and answers about the opaque process that will see major leadership changes expected to support the President. Xi Jinpingauthority and granted him a landmark third term.
The CCPThe nation that has ruled China since 1949, has held 19 congresses to fill its leadership ranks since it was founded in 1921.
This year, about 2,300 delegates from across the country will flock to Beijing for an elaborately choreographed event to select the members of the Central Committee, which will include around 200 people.
It would “provide important clues as to which leaders might be suitable for top positions, and the amount of turnover in the Central Committee – around 60% in general – could signal that Xi Jinping how strongly reformed,” wrote Christopher K. Johnson. Senior Fellow at the Asian Academy of Social Policy.
The committee will select members for the 25-member Politburo and the Plenipotentiary Standing Committee – the country’s highest governing body and the pinnacle of power, which currently consists of only seven people.
Mr. Xi will certainly begin an unprecedented third five-year term as general secretary.
In 2018, he abolished the two-term presidential limit, set by former leader Deng Xiaoping in the 1980s to avoid another Mao Zedong-style dictatorship.
Current Standing Committee includes Xi, Prime Minister Li KeqiangLi Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang HuningZhao Leji and Han Zheng.
The career officials who have risen through the party ranks for decades are known as kickers in the world’s most populous country, each receiving one vote on key policy decisions.
But Mr. Xi is the ultimate ruler, having set the agenda for their frequent secret meetings.
A sweeping anti-corruption campaign since Xi came to power has brought down former ministers and Politburo members, weakened party factions and eliminated opponents.
“Xi has made significant changes in the selection of delegates and senior leadership groups,” Johnson wrote. These changes overturn previous conventions aimed at promoting transparency and open competition. more open”.
Since 2002, Standing Committee members aged 68 or older have resigned, adhering to the unwritten retirement age that former president Jiang Zemin first adopted to weed out an aging opponent.
If the informal rule is upheld, but is not expected to apply to Mr. Xi, two of the seven members will resign – Xi, 69, Li Keqiang, 67, Zhao, 65 age, Wang Yang, 67, and Wang Huning, also 67.
In March, Li announced that he was retiring as prime minister, but it was unclear whether he – or some others under the age of 68 – would stay on the Standing Committee.
Nine other members of the 25-member Politburo are also nearing retirement, making it possible for some of Xi’s close allies to be promoted to the highest posts.
Mr. Xi has removed China’s two-term presidential limit and removed several other partisan norms, such as appointing a successor to his second term.
This further cemented his personal power and increased uncertainty about how long he intends to stay in power, leaving potential successors to vie for his approval.
He has installed close allies in top positions this year, such as the 65-year-old new Public Security Minister Wang Xiaohong.
The head of the Shanghai party and Xi’s ally Li Qiang have kept their posts despite the controversial two-month Covid lockdown in the key city.
Analysts expect Xi to cement his stature as China’s most powerful ruler since Mao.
Party propaganda has gone to great lengths since last fall to cement Xi’s legacy, diminish the achievements of his predecessors and further glorify him in the highest levels of Chinese mythology. Communist Party.
Every Chinese leader since Mao has had one of his personal political philosophies or ideas codified in the state constitution.
Xi’s political ideology was introduced in 2018, and analysts say he will seek to shorten “Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era” to “Xi Jinping Thought”. think of Xi Jinping” – putting him on an equal footing with Mao.


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