Public Opinion on Differences in Transgender Rights and Gender Identity

USAost Americans support policies that protect transgender people from discrimination. Most Americans also believe that transgender individuals should be allowed to use bathrooms that reflect their gender identity. But the majority of Americans believe that a person is a man or woman determined by the gender they were assigned at birth, according to a new survey.

Attitudes towards gender are at a curious crossroads. Essentially, at the same time that most Americans investigated since the Pew Research Center supports a range of policies to protect transgender rights, 60% are not at all convinced that a person’s gender can be different from the sex assigned at birth, according to the poll. May 2022 with 10,188 US adults. And that opinion is growing in popularity, up from 56% when the same question was asked in a survey last year.

The study’s authors at Pew, a nonpartisan and social science research firm, are not supportive, saying the increase in the number of people who believe that sex is the same as sex at birth is not due to any cause. any particular group. . “Certainly Republicans are more likely to say that than Democrats,” said Anna Brown, a research associate at Pew and one of the study’s co-authors. “But it went up for both Republicans and Democrats.” Respondents most likely to believe that sex and gender are indivisible include those over the age of 50 and those with a high school education or less. When disaggregated by race, Black respondents were also more likely than other races to agree that sex and gender are the same.

However, even among those who hold that view, there are divergent opinions about what rights transgender people should be entitled to. “There are a lot of nuanced views in that group,” says Brown. “Half of the adults in this group said they would support laws that protect transgender people from discrimination. About one in four spoken forms and online profiles should include options that are not male or female.”

The report shows that the US position on policies affecting transgender people is also complex. More than half of respondents support rules that require transgender athletes to compete on teams that match the gender they were assigned at birth. But the majority also believe that public elementary schools should be allowed to teach lessons about gender identity. Nearly half of American adults say it’s important to use a converted person’s new name, but only about a third say the same about their new pronoun use.

Research also suggests that public opinion on transgender rights may be becoming less progressive — at least for now.. “Sharing [of people] Brown noted that society has gone too far in accepting transgender people since 2017. On the other hand, young people are more likely to believe that sex and sex at birth have no intrinsic connection with transgender people. together; half of those under the age of 30 hold this view. “Adults 65 and older are more likely to say that views on these issues are changing too quickly, while those under 30 are more likely to say they really aren’t changing fast enough,” Brown said. ” Younger Democrats accept more gender identities than older Democrats, but age makes little difference between Republicans.

However, there is some unanimity in the opinions. Both groups, regardless of what they believed about the link between the sex they were assigned at birth and sex, said the most important factor influencing their views was science.

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