SEOUL – Just weeks after record-setting rainfall brings deadly flood South Korea’s capital, the country braced for Typhoon Hinnamnor on Monday, which is forecast to be possibly the strongest typhoon to make landfall in recorded history.
Preparations are also underway in China, where heavy rain fell in Shanghai on Monday morning and in Japan. The typhoon is forecast to bring strong winds and rain to the western Japanese island of Kyushu through Monday night.
At 5 a.m. on Monday, Hinnamnor was 342 miles south-southwest of the South Korean island of Jeju, according to the Korea Meteorological Association. It is moving north, with maximum sustained winds of about 110 mph and is expected to make landfall around 9 a.m. Tuesday, 56 miles southwest of the port city of Busan.
Areas of Jeju are expected to receive more than 24 inches of rain. The Bureau of Meteorology predicts 4 to 12 inches of rain nationwide and winds of up to 134 miles per hour. On Sunday, the government issued Its highest level storm warning.
Many flights and ferry services have been cancelled. President Yoon Suk-yeol called for “Quick response in case of damage. “
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The flood in Seoul last month, kill at least nine people, until nearly 17 inches of rain fell in about a day. The storm is expected to bring up to 12 inches of rain to the Seoul area on Tuesday.
In 2002, Storm Rusa swept across the country, killing dozens of people and destroying more than a million homes. Next year Typhoon Maemi kills more than 100 people and damages the nation $1.6 billion. Local news outlets predict Hinnamnor to be as powerful as Rusa and Maemi.
The eye of the storm accelerated as it moved across the Pacific Northwest, prompting forecasters to say it could spend less time than previously expected in South Korea, reducing the time it can cause damage. harmful.
On the Japanese island of Kyushu, the Nagasaki prefectural government advised 57,000 households to evacuate. Several schools on the island have announced that they will close, and some planes, trains and ferries are suspended. The Japan Meteorological Agency advised residents there to be alert for high waves, landslides and flooding, and to prepare for high winds and tornadoes.
In China, coastal areas are preparing extensively, although the storm has set sail well. Zhejiang province, just south of Shanghai, said it had evacuated more than 310,000 people. Shanghai has turned off decorative lights along the historic Bund, halted ferry service on the river, and started safer monitoring of the subway system.
China regularly prepares extensively for typhoons, which often force large numbers of people out of their homes whether they want to or not. The national government has a history of severely punishing local officials if injury or death from a hurricane occurs in their area of responsibility, motivating them to take sometimes extreme measures.
The terms hurricane, hurricane, and tornado all refer to tropical storm; term applied to a certain storm depends on where it originates. Typhoons develop in the Pacific Northwest and often affect Asia. Hurricanes form in the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, or the Gulf of Mexico.
In the Atlantic Ocean, Hurricane is defined as a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 111 mph or higher and is defined as a Category 3, 4, and 5 hurricane. But in the Asia Pacific region, there is variation in hurricane classification for each country.
The link between tropical storms and climate change is become clearer. While warming may not lead to as many hurricanes, researchers have found that it has increased the frequency of major storms because a warmer ocean provides more energy. rather than powering them.
Hinnamnor formed in the Pacific in late August, unusually quiet for Atlantic hurricanes. But on Friday in the North Atlantic, Tropical Storm Danielle strengthened into a hurricane, the first storm of the season. A few hours later, Tropical Storm Count formed east of the North Leeward Islands, becoming the fifth named storm of the season.
Keith Bradsher contribution report from Beijing, Hikari Hida from Tokyo and Austin Ramzy from Hong Kong. Li YouContributing research.